Star Names


ANDROMEDA (And, ANDROMEDAE): the daughter of Cassiopeia
ALPHAAndAlpheratz or Sirrah (also delta Peg)"the horse" or "navel"
BETAAndMirach"the loins"
GAMMAAndAlmach"earthkid" (Arabian weasel-like mammal)
XIAndAdhil(train of a garment)

ANTLIA (Ant, ANTLIAE): the pump

APUS (Aps, APODIS): the bird of paradise

AQUARIUS (Aqr, AQUARII): the water carrier
ALPHAAqrSadal Melik"lucky star of the king"
BETAAqrSadal Suud"luck of lucks"
GAMMAAqrSadachbia"lucky star of the tents"
DELTAAqrSkat or Scheat or Seat"shin" (lower leg)
EPSILONAqrAl Bali"the swallower"
THETAAqrAncha"hip-bone"
CHIAqrSitula"water jar"

AQUILA (Aql, AQUILAE): the eagle
ALPHAAqlAltair"flying one"
BETAAqlAlshain"falcon"
GAMMAAqlTarazed"plundering falcon"
IOTAAqlAl Thalimain"the two ostriches" (with Lamda)
LAMBDAAqlAl Thalimain"the two ostriches" (with Iota)

ARA (Ara, ARAE): the altar
ALPHAAraChoo or Tchou"staff/club"; "pestle" (Chinese)

ARIES (Ari, ARIETIS): the ram
ALPHAAriHamal"ram"
BETAAriSheratan"the two signs" (Pisces & Aries)
GAMMAAriMesarthim"servants"
DELTAAriBotein"little belly"

AURIGA (Aur, AURIGAE): the charioteer
ALPHAAurCapella"she-goat"
BETAAurMenkalinan"shoulder of him of the reins" (Charioteer)
DELTAAurPrijipati"Lord of Creation" (Sanskrit/Pali)
EPSILONAurMaaz"he-goat"
ZETAAurSadatoni"two young goats (kids)"
IOTAAurKabdhilinan"anklebone of the rein-holder"

BOOTES (Boo, BOOTIS): the oxherd
ALPHABooArcturus"bear-guard"
BETABooNekkar or Nakkar"cattleman"
GAMMABooSeginusfrom Theguius; medieval Latin translit. of Arabic tlt. of Greek "Bootes"
EPSILONBooMirak, Izar, or Pulcherrima"loins" or "loincloth"
ETABooMuphrid"isolated, single one (of the lance-bearer)"
MUBooAlkalurops"shepherd's crook"

CAELUM (Cae, CAELI): the graving tool

CAMELOPARDALIS (Cam, CAMELOPARDALIS): the giraffe

CANCER (Cnc, CANCRI): the crab
ALPHACncAcubens"claw"
BETACncTarf"glance" or "eye"
GAMMACncAsellus Borealis"northern donkey"
DELTACncAsellus Australis"southern donkey"
ZETACncTegmine"cover"

CANES VENATICI (CVn, CANUM VENATICORUM): the hunting dogs
ALPHACVnCor Caroli"heart of Charles" (II of England)
BETACVnChara"joy"

CANIS MAJOR (CMa, CANIS MAJORIS): the greater dog
ALPHACMaSirius"scorching"
BETACMaMirzam?? (no known translation)
GAMMACMaMuliphein"the two causing dispute and the swearing of an oath"
DELTACMaWezen"weight"
EPSILONCMaAdhara"maidens"
ZETACMaFurud"solitary ones"
ETACMaAludra"maidenhood"

CANIS MINOR (CMi, CANIS MINORIS): the lesser dog
ALPHACMiProcyon"before the dog"
BETACMiGomeisa"the bleary eyed"

CAPRICORNUS (Cap, CAPRICORNI): the horned goat
ALPHACapAl Giedi"goat"
BETACapDabih"slaughterer"
GAMMACapNashira"she who brings good news"
DELTACapDeneb Algiedi"tail of the goat"

CARINA (Car, CARINAE): the keel of the Argo
ALPHACarCanopus(Menelaus's helmsman; also Egyptian seaport)
BETACarMiaplacidus"placid waters"
EPSILONCarAvior?? (modern)
IOTACarScutulum or Aspidiske"little shield"

CASSIOPEIA (Cas, CASSIOPEIAE): the wife of Cepheus
ALPHACasSchedar or Shedir"breast"
BETACasCaph"palm" (reaching from the Pleiades)
GAMMACasTsih or Cih"whip"? (Chinese)
DELTACasRuchbah or Rukbah"knee"
EPSILONCasSegin or Navi?? ; "Ivan" backwards [Gus Grissom, Apollo 1]
ETACasAchird??

CENTAURUS (Cen, CENTAURI): the centaur
ALPHACenRigel Kentaurus or Rigilkent"foot of the centaur"
BETACenHadar or Agena(no known translation) ; from A=alpha (wrong) and genu="knee"
GAMMACenMuhlifain(similar to Gamma CMa)
THETACenMenkent"shoulder of the centaur"
KAPPACenKe Kwan(cavalry officer)

CEPHEUS (Cep, CEPHEI): the king of Ethiopia or Joppa
ALPHACepAlderamin"right forearm"
BETACepAlfirk"flock"
GAMMACepEr Rai"shepherd"
XICepKurhah"blaze" (horse's brow)
MUCepThe Garnet Star"The Garnet Star"

CETUS (Cet, CETI): the whale (or whatever) menacing Andromeda
ALPHACetMenkar or Menkab"nostril"
BETACetDiphda or Deneb Kaitos"frog" or "tail of Cetus"
GAMMACetKaffaljidhmah"cut-short hand" (reaching from the Pleiades)
ZETACetBaten Kaitos"belly of Cetus"
IOTACetSchemali"northern" (branch of the tail)
OMICRONCetMira"wonderful"

CHAMAELEON (Cha, CHAMAELEONTIS): the chamaeleon

CIRCINUS (Cir, CIRCINI): a pair of compasses

COLUMBA (Col, COLUMBAE): the dove
ALPHAColPhact of Phaet"dove"
BETAColWezn or Wazn"weight"
LAMBDAColTsze"son"

COMA BERENICES (Com, COMAE BERENICES): Bernice's lock of hair

CORONA AUSTRALIS (CrA, CORONAE AUSTRALIS): the southern crown

CORONA BOREALIS (CrB, CORONAE BOREALIS): the northern crown
ALPHACrBGemma or Alphecca"gem" or "the broken" (ring of stars)
BETACrBNusakan"the two series"

CORVUS (Crv, CORVI): the crow
ALPHACrvAlchibah"tent"
BETACrvKraz; also Tso Hea?? ; "left-handed lynch-pin" (from Chinese carriage constellation)
GAMMACrvGienah"wing"
DELTACrvAlgorab"raven"
EPSILONCrvMinkar"beak"

CRATER (Crt, CRATERIS): the cup
ALPHACrtAlkes"cup"

CRUX (Cru, CRUCIS): the cross
ALPHACruAcrux"alpha of Crux"
BETACruMimosa"mime"? or "mimosas"? (plant)
GAMMACruGacrux"gamma of Crux"

CYGNUS (Cyg, CYGNI): the swan
ALPHACygDeneb"tail of the hen"
BETACygAlbireo(from Ireus, a fragrant flower)
GAMMACygSadr"breast"
EPSILONCygGienah"wing"
OMEGACygRuchba"hen's knee"
PI 1CygAzelfafage"tortoise" (originally referred to Lyra)

DELPHINUS (Del, DELPHINI): the dolphin
ALPHADelSualocin"Nicolaus" backwards
BETADelRotanev"Venator" backwards
EPSILONDelDeneb or Al Dhanab al Dulfim"tail" or "tail of the dolphin"

DORADO (Dor, DORADUS): the goldfish

DRACO (Dra, DRACONIS): the dragon
ALPHADraThuban"snake"
BETADraRastaban"head of the snake"
GAMMADraEltanin"snake" (alternate word; Arabic name for Draco)
DELTADraNodus Secundus or Altais"second knot" or ?? (misreading of same word as in Gamma Dra)
EPSILONDraTyl; also Kin Yu?? ; "goldfish"
ZETADraKaou Pih??
IOTADraEdasich"hyena"
LAMBDADraGiauzar"dragon" (mythical Persian name designating nodes of lunar orbit)
MUDraArrakis"dancer"
NUDraKuma"as last"
XIDraGrumium"jaw"
SIGMADraAlsafi"cooking tripod"
PSIDraDziban"the two jackals"

EQUULEUS (Equ, EQUULEI): the little horse
ALPHAEquKitalpha"part of the horse"

ERIDANUS (Eri, ERIDANI): the river
ALPHAEriAchernar"end of the river"
BETAEriCursa"chair/footstool of Orion"
GAMMAEriZaurak"boat"
DELTAEriRana"frog"
ETAEriAzha"hatching place"
THETAEriAcamar"end of the river" (before Achernar was added)
OMICRON 1EriBeid"eggs" (ostrich)
OMICRON 2EriKeid"broken eggshell"
TAU 2EriAngetenar"curve of the river"

FORNAX (For, FORNACIS): the furnace

GEMINI (Gem, GEMINORIUM): the twins, Castor and Pollux
ALPHAGemCastor"beaver"
BETAGemPollux"much wine"
GAMMAGemAlmeisan or Alhena"shining" or "the mark" (on the neck of a camel)
DELTAGemWasat"middle of the sky"
EPSILONGemMebsuta"outstretched" (paw)
ZETAGemMekbuda"pulled in" (paw)
ETAGemPropus (Tejat prior)"forward foot"
MUGemTejat (Tejat posterior)?? (no translation)

GRUS (Gru, GRUIS): the crane
ALPHAGruAl Na'ir"the bright"
GAMMAGruAl Dhanab"tail"

HERCULES (Her, HERCULIS): Heracles, the hero
ALPHAHerRas Algethi"head of the kneeling one"
BETAHerKornephoros"club-bearer"
DELTAHerSarin??
KAPPAHerMaasim"wrist"
XIHerMarfik"elbow"
OMEGAHerCujam"club"

HOROLOGIUM (Hor, HOROLOGII): the clock

HYDRA (Hya, HYDRAE): the water serpent (female)
ALPHAHyaAlphard or Cor Hydrae"the solitary" or "heart of the hydra"
SIGMAHyaMinhar al Shuja"the snake's nose"
TAUHyaUkdah"the knot"

HYDRUS (Hyi, HYDRI): the water serpent (male)

INDUS (Ind, INDI): the (American) Indian
ALPHAIndAl nair"bright"

LACERTA (Lac, LACERTAE): the lizard

LEO (Leo, LEONIS): the lion
ALPHALeoRegulus, Cor Leonis or Kalb"prince", "heart of the lion"
BETALeoDenebola"tail of the lion"
GAMMALeoAl Gieba"forehead"
DELTALeoZozma"enzonement" or "loincloth"
EPSILONLeoRas Elased"head of the lion"
ZETALeoAdhafera"curl" (of hair)
THETALeoCoxa or Chort or Chertan"hip" or "small rib" or "two small ribs"
IOTALeoTsze Tseang"second general"
LAMBDALeoAlterf"glance"
MULeoRasalas"head of the lion"

LEO MINOR (LMi, LEONIS MINORIS): the lesser lion
46LmiPraecipula"principal star"

LEPUS (Lep, LEPORIS): the hare
ALPHALepArneb"hare"
BETALepNihal"camels quenching their thirst"

LIBRA (Lib, LIBRAE): the scales (weighing)
ALPHALibZuben El Genubi"southern claw" (of the scorpion)
BETALibZuben Eschamali"northern claw" (of the scorpion)
DELTALibMulu-lizi"man of fire"
ETALibZubenhakrabi or Zubanalakrab"scorpion's claw"

LUPUS (Lup, LUPI): the wolf
ALPHALupMen??

LYNX (Lyn, LYNX): the lynx

LYRA (Lyr, LYRAE): the lyre
ALPHALyrVega"the swooping" (eagle)
BETALyrSheliak or Shelyak"harp" (from Greek Sambyke, a kind of harp)
GAMMALyrSulafat"tortoise"
ETALyrAladfar(with Mu:) "talons" (of the swooping eagle)
MULyrAl Athfar(with Eta:) "talons" (of the swooping eagle)

MENSA (Men, MENSAE): the Table (mountain)

MICROSCOPIUM (Mic, MICROSCOPII): the microscope

MONOCEROS (Mon, MONOCEROTIS): the unicorn

MUSCA (Mus, MUSCAE): the fly

NORMA (Nor, NORMAE): the carpenter's level

OCTANS (Oct, OCTANTIS): the octant

OPHIUCHUS (Oph, OPHIUCHI): the snake holder
ALPHAOphRas Alhague"head of the snake"
BETAOphCheleb or Celbalrai"dog of the shepherd"
DELTAOphYed Prior"hand" (before; western)
EPSILONOphYed Posterior"hand" (after; eastern)
ETAOphSabik"the preceding"
LAMBDAOphMarfik"elbow"

ORION (Ori, ORIONIS): the hunter
ALPHAOriBetelgeuse"hand of Al-Jazwa"
BETAOriRigel"foot" (west)
GAMMAOriBellatrix"warrioress" (west shoulder)
DELTAOriMintaka"belt" (west end)
EPSILONOriAlnilam"arrangement" (of pearls; middle of belt)
ZETAOriAlnitak"belt" (east end)
IOTAOriNa'ir al Saif"bright one of the sword" (tip)
KAPPAOriSaiph"sword" (hilt)
LAMBDAOriHeka or Meissa"white spot" or "shining" (Orion's head)
UPSILONOriThabit"fixed star" (sometimes given to Pi3 Ori or Tau Ori)

PAVO (Pav, PAVONIS): the peacock
ALPHAPavThe peacock star"The peacock star"

PEGASUS (Peg, PEGASI): the winged horse
ALPHAPegMarkab or Marchab"shoulder" (from Mankib)
BETAPegScheat"leg"
GAMMAPegAlgenib"flank"
EPSILONPegEnif"nose"
ZETAPegHomam"the high-minded man"
ETAPegMatar"rain"
THETAPegBaham"livestock"
MUPegSadalbari"lucky star of the excellent one"

PERSEUS (Per, PERSEI): the rescuer of Andromeda
ALPHAPerMirfak or Marfak"elbow"
BETAPerAlgol"the ghoul"
XIPerMenkib"shoulder"
OMICRONPerAtik"shoulder" (of the Pleiades)

PHOENIX (Phe, PHOENICIS): the phoenix
ALPHAPheAnkaa(a fabulous bird in Arab myth)

PICTOR (Pic, PICTORIS): the painter (originally his easel)

PISCES (Psc, PISCIUM): the fish
ALPHAPscAl Rescha or Rischa"rope"
BETAPscFum al Samakah"the fish's mouth"

PISCIS AUSTRINUS (PsA, PISCIS AUSTRINI): the southern fish
ALPHAPsAFomalhaut"mouth of the fish"

PUPPIS (Pup, PUPPIS): the poop deck of the Argo
ZETAPupNaos"ship"
XIPupAsmidiske"little shield"

PYXIS (Pyx, PYXIDIS): the box, or compass, of the Argo

RETICULUM (Ret, RETICULI): the net (optical instrument)

SAGITTA (Sge, SAGITTAE): the arrow

SAGITTARIUS (Sgr, SAGITTARII): the archer
ALPHASgrRukbat"knee"
BETASgrArkab"hamstring"
GAMMASgr(El) Nasl"arrowhead"
DELTASgrKaus Media"bow" (middle)
EPSILONSgrKaus Australis"bow" (southern)
ZETASgrAscella"armpit"
LAMBDASgrKaus Borealis"bow" (northern)
SIGMASgrNunki"of Enki" (Sumerian god of waters & of most ancient city of Eridu)

SCORPIUS (Sco, SCORPII): the scorpion
ALPHAScoAntares"anti-Ares", rival of Mars
BETAScoGraffias or Acrab"claws" (Latin) or "scorpion" (Arabic)
DELTAScoDschubba"forehead"
THETAScoSargas"seizer/smiter" (Babylonian title; name of a weapon of the God of War)
LAMBDAScoShaula"raised tail"
NUScoJabbah"forehead"
SIGMAScoAl Niyat"the arteries"
UPSILONScoLesath or Lesuth"sting" or "bite" (of a poisonous animal)
OMEGAScoJabhat al Akrab"scorpion's forehead"

SCULPTOR (Scl, SCULPTORIS): the sculptor (originally his studio)

SCUTUM (Sct, SCUTI): the shield

SERPENS (Ser, SERPENTIS): the snake
ALPHASerUnuk Al Hay or Unukalhai"neck of the snake"
BETASerChow"imperial dynasty"
THETASerAlya"the fatty tail" (of a breed of Oriental sheep)

SEXTANS (Sex, SEXTANTIS): the sextant

TAURUS (Tau, TAURI): the bull
ALPHATauAldebaran"follower" (of the Pleiades)
BETATauEl Nath"the butting" (horn)
GAMMATauPrimus Hyadum"first Hyad"
EPSILONTauAin(second) "eye of the bull" (after Aldebaran)
ETA/25TauAlcyone"queen who wards off evil [storms]" (one of the Pleiades)
27TauAtlas"he who dares/suffers" (a Titan; father of the Pleiades)
17TauElectra"amber/shining/bright" (one of the Pleiades)
20TauMaia"grandmother/mother", "nurse", "great one" (one of the Pleiades)
23TauMerope"eloquent", "bee-eater", "mortal" (one of the Pleiades)
19TauTaygeta?? (maybe) "long-necked" (one of the Pleiades)
28/BUTauPleione"sailing queen" (an Oceanid; mother of the Pleiades)
16TauCelaeno"swarthy" (one of the Pleiades)
21/22TauAsterope"lightning/twinkling/sun-face/stubborn-face" (one of the Pleiades)

TELESCOPIUM (Tel, TELESCOPII): the telescope

TRIANGULUM (Tri, TRIANGULI): the triangle
ALPHATriMothallah or Caput Trianguli"triangle", "head of the triangle"

TRIANGULUM AUSTRALE (TrA, TRIANGULI AUSTRALIS): the southern triangle
ALPHATrAAtria"alpha of triangulum australe"

TUCANA (Tuc, TUCANAE): the toucan

URSA MAJOR (UMa, URSAE MAJORIS): the greater bear
ALPHAUMaDubhe, Dubh, Dubb, or Alruccabah"bear"
BETAUMaMerak or Mirak"loins"
GAMMAUMaPhad or Phecda"thigh"
DELTAUMaMegrez"insertion-point" (of the bear's tail)
EPSILONUMaAlioth"black horse/bull"
ZETAUMaMizar(from a corrupt reading of "loins"; see Beta UMa)
80UMaAlcor(derivation similar to Epsilon Uma)
ETAUMaAlkaid or Benetnasch"the leader" (of the mourning women?); "daughters of the bier"
THETAUMaAl Haud"the pond"
IOTAUMaTalitha Borealis or Dnoces"third [leap of the gazelle], north"; "Second" backwards [Ed White II, Apollo 1]
KAPPAUMaTalitha Australis"third [leap of the gazelle], south"
LAMBDAUMaTania Borealis"second [leap of the gazelle], north"
MUUMaTania Australis"second [leap of the gazelle], south"
NUUMaAlula Borealis"first [leap of the gazelle], north"
XIUMaAlula Australis"first [leap of the gazelle], south"
OMICRONUMaMuscida"muzzle"

URSA MINOR (UMi, URSAE MINORIS): the lesser bear
ALPHAUMiPolaris"pole star"
BETAUMiKochab or Kokab"star"
GAMMAUMiPherkab"calf"
DELTAUMiYildun"star"

VELA (Vel, VELORUM): the sails of the Argo
GAMMAVelSuhail or Regor?? (no translation); "Roger" backwards [Roger Chaffee, Apollo 1]
KAPPAVelMarkab"ship"
LAMBDAVelSuhail?? (no translation)
PHIVelTseen Ke"heaven's record"

VIRGO (Vir, VIRGINIS): the virgin
ALPHAVirSpica or Azimech"ear of wheat" (held by Virgo), ??
BETAVirZavijava or Alaraph"corner of the barker"; "grape gatherer"
GAMMAVirPorrima(Roman goddess of childbirth)
DELTAVirAuva"the barker"
EPSILONVirVindemiatrix"vine-harvestress"
ZETAVirHeze??
ETAVirZaniah"corner"
IOTAVirSyrma"train" (of a garment)

VOLANS (Vol, VOLANTIS): the flying fish

VULPECULA (Vul, VULPECULAE): the little fox

Back to the Star Names Page.
Steven Gibson