Low-frequency wideband timing of InPTA pulsars observed with the uGMRT

Astrophysics


Astrophysics

TITLE
Low-frequency wideband timing of InPTA pulsars observed with the uGMRT

INVESTIGATORS
K Nobleson, Nikita Agarwal, Raghav Girgaonkar, Arul Pandian, Bhal Chandra Joshi, M A Krishnakumar, Abhimanyu Susobhanan, Shantanu Desai, T Prabu, Adarsh Bathula, Timothy T Pennucci, Sarmistha Banik, Manjari Bagchi, Neelam Dhanda Batra, Arpita Choudhary, Subhajit Dandapat, Lankeswar Dey, Yashwant Gupta, Shinnosuke Hisano, Ryo Kato, Divyansh Kharbanda, Tomonosuke Kikunaga, Neel Kolhe, Yogesh Maan, Piyush Marmat, P Arumugam, P K Manoharan, Dhruv Pathak, Jaikhomba Singha, Mayuresh P Surnis, Sai Chaitanya Susarla, Keitaro Takahashi

ABSTRACT
High-precision measurements of the pulsar dispersion measure (DM) are possible using telescopes with low-frequency wideband receivers. We present an initial study of the application of the wideband timing technique, which can simultaneously measure the pulsar times of arrival (ToAs) and DMs, for a set of five pulsars observed with the upgraded Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (uGMRT) as part of the Indian Pulsar Timing Array (InPTA) campaign. We have used the observations with the 300 – 500 MHz band of the uGMRT for this purpose. We obtain high precision in DM measurements with precisions of the order 10−6 cm−3 pc. The ToAs obtained have sub-μs precision and the root-mean-square of the post-fit ToA residuals are in the sub-μs range. We find that the uncertainties in the DMs and ToAs obtained with this wideband technique, applied to low-frequency data, are consistent with the results obtained with traditional pulsar timing techniques and comparable to high-frequency results from other PTAs. This work opens up an interesting possibility of using low-frequency wideband observations for precision pulsar timing and gravitational wave detection with similar precision as high-frequency observations used conventionally.
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stac532